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Wednesday, September 23, 2009

pottery from bayat klaten

Bayat Ceramics

19th November 2008 by budiatijavapottery
The woman is making water jars, using the traditional wheel called "perbot.

The woman is making water jars, using the traditional wheel called "perbot.

Bayat Klaten, located on Pagerjurang Hamlet, Melikan Village, Wedi Subdistrict, 30 km southeast of the densely populated city of Yogyakarta on the island of Java, where 6500 people were killed and more than 1 million people lost their homes after the May 2006 earthquake that measured 6, 2 on the Richter scale, has the bustling gallery pottery center. Around eighty percent of families, especially mothers in this country who are involved in making ceramic earn a living.

Based on history, in an earthen Melikan (Bayat) was developed for about 600 years ago. The tomb Sunana Padang Aran, there is "Gentong Sinaga in complex Prabuyeksa door, past the door Sunana Padang Aran's Grave. Gentong Sinaga function as a container for water wudlu Sunana Padang Aran and his companions when the time comes for prayer.

Sunana Padang Aran's (Bayat) Grave was built in 1955 Saka. It was found in Panemut doors that were writing or ancient inscriptions written: "Wisaya hanata wisiking War" (the north). Sangkakala shows years of construction, which means Wisaya: 5, Hanata: 5, Wisik: 5, Rat: 1 This means that the tomb was built in 1555 saka. In the south of the gate, it is written: "And the 1555 mass 4" which means that the saka year. (DWI M., 2005: 8).

According to the local community, the word "Bayat" is derived from the Javanese (tembayatan), which means mutual assistance. Therefore, all major problems will be solved until all citizens are working together to resolve problems.

Melikan Board notes that at the beginning of Earth Crafts, the first editor was a pitcher, bowl of water usually carry Sunana Padang Aran Bayat as supply in his journey spreading Islam as Melikan (Bayat) Klaten village. In addition, Melikan south has also been used as an instrument of death ceremonies / rituals, where they put it on the grave. Based on local belief, the water jug can be used to supply the dead person, if he is thirsty in the grave.

Unlike ordinary ceramic flat making use potter's wheel, Pagerjurang craftswomen use a single device with a special technique. They use a curved potter's wheel is called perbot in local languages with sideway twisting technique. The device is made of thin wood or stone as talenan (thin and flat wood which are cut vegetables) that have up to 40 cm in diameter and 6 cm thick. Talenan is placed at an angle of 45 degrees from the center of the turning shaft. Then, the axle is connected with strong silk cotton tree rope connected bamboo as support. Then, the rope is moved in the direction of the legs forward foot. It rotates three times faster than ordinary ceramic wheels due to gravity of the country. Downside is a unique round can not be used to create large objects. Product has a maximum height of 30 centimeters.

According to local belief, the technology arrived in Pagerjurang the impact Sunana Bayat Muslim cleric who spread Islamic teachings in this area in the 17th century. He is Sunana Bayat asked local villagers to develop a device that enabled craftswomen sit in a modest way in the creation of ceramics, without sitting with her legs spread apart. Since then, the technique is the same as an inheritance handed down from generation to generation.

The specificity of the Bayat earthen worth to be proud because it is tilted rotating art is found only in Indonesia. The Bayat, this art has been around 400 years (counted from this century). It was slantingly to facilitate craftswomen while working, because at the time they wear sarong. Clay making is largely dominated by men craftswomen and helped in the processing of clay and burnt earth.

This peculiarity makes these earthenwares superior to Earth in other parts of Indonesia. There are about 30 areas in Indonesia, which used skewed turning technique. However, today there are only 6 regions having this technology in West Java, as Plered, Cirebon, Parung Jaya, Garut, and two seats in Cangkuang where there are only 3 people have this skill in Cangkuang.

The Bayat, clay is used as material gathered from the mountains Jabalkat that mixed with kaolin and silica to make it stronger. Then when the battered ready to process. Jabalkat Mountain consists of two words, Jabal (mountain) and floor (high), therefore, Jabalkat means high mountains.

Jabalkat Mountain stretches from north to south, the northern part of the mountain is gede. There are a few names, in the east, it is called Cokrokembang mountain where the grave Sunana Padang Aran Bayat, while to the west, it is called Cakaran mountains where there is a grave Syeh Domba, while, on the north, is the tomb of Pangeran Wuragil in Malang Mountain.

There are 2 ways of burning clay. To produce red earth, it burned for about 3 hours to touch the flame directly. On the other hand, produce great black earth colors (the more popular because of its attractive color), the burning process takes a long time. Burning used munggur list (leaf trembesi commonly used as a goat's food). To get a brown color, uses a process of burning straw.

In the process of burning, fire should be kept to a certain extent in order that there is a flame that will change the earthy "color red. It will get the best color if left wet. The ashes of the incineration process is then collected and applied on the surface of the earth will be burned (diungkep / hermetic). The aim is to produce durable and not fragile products during the cooling process and retain heat.

Schedule Earth is ready to process record by piling them one above the other. Collecting burned product can reach 2.5 cm. A master is able to produce 50 items with 20 cm height and 25 cm in diameter per day. The dyeing process is very natural using the red-bath, which is filtered in the fine particles is used as a natural color ground. For the final process, the outer part of the clay (or any shape) is polished and then burned again.

Today, the pottery is still produced Pagerjurang's villagers. This step towards a modern, they are used only sideway twisting technique, and develop a common format more ceramics. Jugs of water and other traditional household appliances is still produced to serve local markets, a result of the development of so-called ceramic terracotta ceramic products as decorative items such as teapots, bowls, plates, vases and other decoration.

Symbolic value Bayat clay / ceramics is cultural products that can not be separated from the life impact of Javanese people. Purwadi suggests that in the context of Javanese life, there's an old saying: "Wong Jawa nggone scheme, papaning Rasa, tans sinamung samudana", which means that in all its activities, Javanese people often use their sense and disguise their activities.

These symbols are illustrations of his abstract, complex, and wingit attitudes, behaviors and colloquialisms ... These cultural symbols are used to reflect transcendental ideas, emotions and thoughts (Purwadi, 2004: 81).

Number of people living in the village Melikan based in the village monographs up to October 2005 was 3512, consisting of 1695 men and 1817 women and 691 patriarchs.

Interests Melikan community inhabiting the village, which consists of 7 different hamlets. However, most of them work as a clay craftsman. Rests were farmers, merchants, and public employees.

One of the specific community Melikan Village is a priority relationship interaction that is manifested in the way of community relations, mutual assistance, such as, working together, and one visit each other.

Small industries have developed in the village Melikan water channels, well digging, brick, ceramics, clay, wood and bamboo furniture, and tofu and Tempe. Earthenware, terracotta, porcelain and glass industry is well known among ordinary people who also makes Melikan Village, Wedi Subdistrict, Klaten Regency becomes known. Moreover, it is able to penetrate foreign markets, namely the Netherlands, Canada and Australia.

Today it has 211 business units employing 741 workers. Among those villages, Pager Jurang Hamlet has the largest number of ceramic / clay industry Wedi Subdistrict.

Types of pottery Bayat
Based on usage, Melikan ceramic art can be categorized into two types as follows:
• Traditional household utensils, such as a piggy bank, jar, vase, wok (sangon) and Anglo (Keren). The traditional products are still held, especially by the existing craftsmen.
• Decorative ceramic / clay, either internal or external ornaments. There are one hundred kinds of items belong to this type, however, they can be classified as a souvenir, a flower vase, vase (water container), Gucci (china clay), and the garden bench and table.

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Budiati Java Pottery has established a new website

January 26, 2009 by budiatijavapottery

Hello, everyone

First of all, I would like to say thank you very much for your attention here in the blog www.budiatijavapottery.com.

Now, I would like to announce our new website is launched www.budiatijavapottery.biz.

We highly appreciate your comments and input in www.budiatijavapottery.biz to make it better.

Thank you!

Kristina Budiati

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Clay: The Pottery of sophisticated materials

January 11, 2009 by budiatijavapottery

Who does not know the dishes? Fragile materials of clay, mainly used for drinking tea, eating Pécel Lele or servicing of spices, and even used as a souvenir of the wedding. In fact, there are a variety of clay available, we can see the difference of their color. Reddish clay usually contains many iron (Fe), and it is not surprising that the water collected from clay also contains lots of iron. There is a grayish clay or nut-brown clay, and it all depends on the type of elements contained in the clay. You know that without clay, the oil we use every day does not look clean. Oil market usually occurred discoloration process using "bleacing country, which is activated bentonite clay.

This clay has unique characteristics and therefore applied for various purposes, such as the above example. One of these unique features is its ability to absorb water even up to 10x from its own weight. This characteristic is closely related with the clay structure, which consists of layered sheets as a layer cake (kue lapis legit). A popular type of bentonite clay, the main component of the montmorillonite. Montmorillonite contains a layered structure consisting of silica tetrahedra and octahedra list list that contains mainly alumina.

The space between the layers is filled with water and the action is to replace, especially on or Ca2. Depending on the amount of absorbed water, then the distance between the layers is variable. The characteristics of the clay caused to be "tough" and easy to shape. Only this heating bentonite in a certain temperature, so that the water inside can extract without damaging the structure of layers and layers of bentonite, then the adsorbent material can be obtained. Chemical activation with acid and heating process will result in the country how to whiten most commonly used in industry, oil and oleochemical industries. The adsorption capacity of certain gases can be improved even making supporting pillars that connect each layer to the distance between the layers of clay, this structure can not expand and collapse. Create a supportive column called pillarization. By this process, pillarized montmorillonite may be a result of the materials with larger surface area to 300 m2 per gram, and even some research to create materials from the surface to 600 m2 per gram. In addition to these large areas, supported by the pores result pillarization, then adsorption capacity will be multiplied over the original material. In addition, pores pillarized montmorillonite can be filled with carbon nanotubes functioning as a hydrogen container. The space between the layers of clay montomorillonite can even be submitted to the organic compound with a longer chain, usually type surfactan ammonia from long chain fatty acids. This organic compound can enter and exchange of compounds with cations (Na and Ca2), which had previously existed between the montmorillonite layers. The result is a material known as organo-clays.

Organo-clay is used extensively for example in the wall paint. Furthermore, the organo-clay, clay is used in the polymer clay nanocomposite-making. Nano-composite consists of polymer and clay is known to have advantages in relation to the characteristics of its original characteristics of polymers.

If the initial structure consists of a clay layer as a layer cake (kue lapis legit), then the nano-composite consisting of polymer and clay, each layer is expected to scale and distribution of good and homogeneous in the matrix polymer. Mixing the clay in the form of a polymer nano-composites consisting of polymer and clay, we can get a composite material with superior characteristics such as high power mechanic, gas-air-proof or evidence, resistance to high temperature and other premium features. Clay is a material that in the initial stage of development of catalyst technology is used for oil cracking process in molecular weight less for fuel purposes. At this point, the clay is no longer used as it is, but this time as to such characteristics become much better catalyst for the purpose. Using pillarization techniques, clay can be modified in the material with a larger area and more regular pore size. In addition, the improved stability of the heating causes pillarized clay becomes a potential material for a catalyst or catalyst buffer. Existing programs cover the full utilization of the acid catalyst in the smell of raw materials, surface, biodiesel, and others. In addition, pillarized clay is also used in the processing of fuel or the removal of sulfur content in fuel or cracking process. Bentonite clay species are found primarily in various regions in Indonesia, the western part of Indonesia (Aceh) in Nusa Tenggara in the eastern part. This refers to the geographical situation of Indonesia has many volcanoes. Thus, in Indonesia, montmorillonite is available in very large quantities and is ready to be value-added and used as sophisticated materials such as composite or catalyst purposes. Now, it depends on us, whether we use these natural resources for the simple purpose of low added value, or turn them into sophisticated, high value materials.

Author: Hery Haerudin, Secretary Catalyst Indonesian society.
Researcher at the Center of Chemical Research, lipi (Indonesian Institute of Science), PUSPIPTEK Serpong, Tangerang.

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Branding Indonesia

January 2, 2009 by budiatijavapottery

Author: AM Adhy Trisnanto (suara Merdeka Daily, 2 January 2009)

Since a few months ago, the Government is encouraging the rapid awakening of the creative economy, which is the fourth generation of the economy after agriculture economy, industry and information economy. Creative economy depends on creativity as the main capital. Creativity that is able to change the fuel in the high-valued equipment. Lump of clay in ethnic dishes. Blank laptop screen in a series of animation images that makes people laugh.

Indonesia has in abundance and creative people. At the time, creative people is central Jakarta, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Solo and Bali. Although the effort has no accurate mapping, it is also possible that other regions have a creative community.

Each exchange has different specifications. Jakarta and Bandung is better in the aspect of modern technology, Jogja and Solo is better in the stage arts, and Bali is better skilled in their art. If we classify them, creativity, Jogja, Solo and Bali generally rely on tradition, and Jakarta and Bandung tends to be modern.

Not so long ago, Indonesian Arts Institute (ISI) Surakarta, held an international seminar entitled Developing Creative industries on the basis of tradition. All speakers, artists or business people, said that the richness of our culture is a significant capital development of creative industries. On the other hand, there is a feeling discouraged that I do not see the regeneration of the craftsmen.

Prof. Chitaru Kawasaki put an example of what happens in Dusun Pagerjurang, Klaten. Twenty years ago, young women such as pottery makers easy to find. Today, they are the same people who are still pottery makers, with the help of their young children. Young people like to work as labors in the big cities that are supposed to be more promising. They do not see any future craftsmen. Dishes worthy of no sales value.

They are not able to find access to marketing. While, pottery is actually in love with people in foreign countries. Craftsmen not mastered the technique of operations. Therefore, their dusun is still in poverty, economic growth has stopped. Pottery-making is still far from being called industry. Then the chain reaction occurs: The work as a craftsman does not pride, social status, who are clearly craftswomen help families and our economy remains low, children have the opportunity to have a better education. Technology illiterate, illiterate marketing is to prevent the development of handicrafts that are passed from generation to generation.

That the government has started to show good will for the development of creative industries seem to start from the awareness of the economic potential of traditional handicrafts. Our handicraft, such as woven fabrics, but also to achieve global market. One of them takes a foreigner who has better knowledge see that potential. Enter Jepara, Jogja, Bali find any things that we think that there is no selling value, or even go abroad. Once they are sold in foreign countries, then the goods are interesting for us, especially in big cities. Handicrafts exhibition always attracts many visitors.

Begin to achieve
It seems that the government begins to understand the ability of creative industries in the creation of national pride. Even the Minister of Trade, Mari Elka Pangestu, said things in the dialogue with the Association of advertising companies in Indonesia in recent years.

Minister to put an example of the film, "Lord of the Ring," which has succeeded in raising the country's maker, New Zealand. Adidas sneakers produce shoes with patterned batik. If customers who recognize that batik shoes made in Indonesia, not a promotional Indonesian media brand in the world market? It is very possible, if it is a short description about batik pattern attached to shoes.

We have a very rich culture of wealth. It has been recognized as the richest country in the world of culture, the Amazon and Africa.

What we need at this time is a feeling for the work that is able to change something simple into something interesting. This kind of business sense is what we lack. Just take an example, Kampung Batik Solo Laweyan really can be better packaged in packaging that is more interesting. Here, we have to go without a trained tourist guide, look for the product itself because there is no detailed brochure is available. There are actually some direction boards, but they only show the directions without explaining what is there. No coordinated pedicabs or other transport, which we can delievr while in a narrow alley. It just like a museum, without a corresponding narrative that explains the pictures or objects displayed. Brochures? "I'm sorry, sir. We're out of stock" It's a cliche often heard the answer.

Our cultural wealth can be packaged in a variety of products of creative industries. Handicraft, fashion, music, photos, tv, movies, animation, interactive toys, and even the architecture and advertising. If we can put a red line on those packages, it is very possible that it becomes a competitive advantage for this country. This is branding capital of Indonesia.

Dimensional Gong was a stroke of the president in recent times, which means the proclamation of Indonesian Creative Year 2009. Hopefully the call will echo the spirit of the creative economy moves to start thinking about new innovations in an effort to play its role to wealthy people.

Adhy Trisnanto, secretary of the Association of Advertising Company of Indonesia.

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How to Clean Ceramics

December 25, 2008 by budiatijavapottery

Clay pottery is made of baked clay, and calls for extra care in terms of maintenance. Most people buy earthen vessels in pursuit of things from the earth of its usability. Earthenware not add that extra zing to the rest of cutlery and cooking utensils, etc. in your kitchen. Unlike other species, such as pottery, stainless steel or copperware etc, earthenware need careful handling. The material is made from can crack easily with a heavy blow. Cleaning and washing earthenware ceramics will be slightly different from the rest of the equipment.

Clay pottery is mainly two types - hand-created pottery and earthenware pottery machine. Handmade pottery again requires more careful handling than the machine made earthenware pottery. Always remember to check with the manufacturer or creator of hand-pottery know if it can be washed directly into the dishwasher or not. Whether you are washing earthenware pottery with his hands or in the dishwasher, make them put out separate from other cleaning process. You can set the crockery in the dishwasher, along with other steel, copper or porcelain utensils such as this will cause them to break or other accessories that are harder surface can cause scratches on clay potteries.

Avoid harsh detergents for washing and cleaning powders of pure clay pottery. The scouring powders can damage the glaze and so use milder detergent, or just ordinary water with mild soap for cleaning ceramics. If food is stuck in the earthenware not try to scrub or scrape it with a scrub brush or other coarse material. The best thing to do while trying to clear food stuck in earthenware vessels would be to soak it in water in advance. Soak them in just plain water and not detergent. Although some of earthenware pottery that is hand can be soaked in soapy water, so to avoid manual potteries. If you soak handmade earthenware pottery detergent mixed in water or a soap opera, it is quite possible that it is not absorbed and are more hygienic food in it. It would only be on the safe side use plain water to soak the clay cleaning food stuck in it, and after they take out food particles, etc. from him, gently wash the residue with a plastic pad and some soap.

While to go shopping for crockery to ensure that the manufacturer does not know for what purpose you are buying them. Some earthenware potteries should only be showpieces and can be cleaned with soap and water. You can easily clean them dry with a dry cloth, or if most of you try to use a smaller attachment that comes with your vacuum. But if you buy clay for decoration purposes or for active use in the kitchen, make sure you buy from a good reliable shop to avoid high maintenance in the future.

From http://www.tsdcleaning.co.uk/articles/how-to-clean-your-earthenware-pottery/

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Pagar Jurang Bayat Ceramics

December 25, 2008 by budiatijavapottery
Perbot Play Miring Al Bayat

Perbot Play Miring Al Bayat

Speaking of dishes, which comes to our mind is Kasongan and Singkawang. While in fact, there are many other central vessels in this country, one of them is Pagerjurang Ceramics, Klaten, which also reaches a global market.

By name, Pagerjurang pottery is located in Dusun Pagerjurang, Melikan Village, Sub-district Bayat, Klaten, Central Java. It dusun which is located at the foot of Jabalkat, about 15 km southeast of Klaten, known as the pottery makers for generations. The main product of this plant is central pottery pot, jug, earthenware flask, piggy bank and a container of the placenta.

Feature Melikan village differs from other agricultural villages. Figure greenly village surrounded by farmland, mountain and swamp and people who are always welcome to hit in a friendly way. The rivers flow with water in the rainy season and dry in the dry season. In this village of the natural environment, people struggling with clay to make pottery.

Entry Melikan village, we see house doors, pottery maker village shade is very prominent. No more than a hundred meters from the door, according to trade on either side of the road that shows different types of handicraft products made from burnt clay. Each workshop has a nearly similar taste in decorating the screen. Three stacks of wooden shelves are arranged in the alley, the floor is also decorated in a pile so that makes it easy to view and ceramics that will cover one another. Similar potteries are put in one line. So a visitor who usually swarms at the beginning of the month will be a nice selection of ceramics want. One of the ceramics shop owner, Mrs. Hirman said that she gets profit from the sale of pottery, five hundred thousand rupiah per day. "In peak season, it is usually twice as normal," she explained.

On average, the store is only used as a screen for pottery products. While in order to see the pottery making process, we should spend our time visiting the workshop deep in dusun. Along the road from dusun, pottery-making activities will be clearly visible near the road opening. Line up pottery is dried in the yard seems to be welcoming our arrival. Few mothers seem to be busy smoothing an earthen pot in front of their house. Not far from there, male pig with a cart load banks is tied in the series. Sound of the spinning wheel was clearly heard behind the house wall made of bamboo mats when making ceramic work place. Almost all people in dusun involved in making pottery that is the main occupation of people Dusun Pagerjurang. Each house usually has a workshop and furnaces for burning pottery. Sometimes, a heater is used a few houses. Meanwhile, a workshop for the production of ceramics may not be a separate location, but integrated with other facilities such as dining room, family room or kitchen. It can be said that people are inseparable from Pagerjurang ceramics in everyday life. They are very intense in the production of ceramics, or small or large scale for export purposes. At 2 Leñas Pagerjurang ceramic containers are shipped to Italia and Australia each month.

In House with open doors, Purwadi, one of the residence looks very winding diligence in lumps of clay into a circle in the form of records south. The 5 × 5 meters, workshops, working on the line south half finished with the music from your stereo set. Drafts product sizes are not only stuck in the house, columns, and written in a wall of bricks and cement on the floor.

While in another room, which is actually a kitchen, Mrs. Jumirah, Purwadi aunt, winding the lump of clay into a circle slanted plate. "This is slanted rotation technique, a special technique of pottery that was found only in Pagerjurang" explained Jumirah. In other places, pottery-making process uses only flat rotation technique.

Master sit facing the spinning clay. Although slanted rotation technique used pottery wheel (genus perbot) made of hard wood or mahogany wood diameter of 35-40 cm and 5-6 cm thick is located a few corners leaning forward. In addition to using the slanted pottery wheel (perbot), this technique is also equipped with a pedal and the spring of bamboo, which is operated by foot. The process of spinning wheel with the help of lulup (rope from a tree spade) related to perbot shaft. During the process of making ceramics, artisan processes lying sitting in dingklik (chair) in the sideway position. Panel which is located a few corners leaning forward makes pottery small and short with maximum width of 23.5 cm and height 30 cm.

This restriction is in effect makes the product the people of Dusun Pagerjurang has its own uniqueness. Uniqueness is supported by the quality of clay in Pagerjurang that the Purwadi is much better than the other clay, and therefore the product of the smoother, thinner, and use nothing. Technology of ceramics that grew from the time Sunana Bayat in 1700 has high ethical values. With the expansion of Islam, Sunana Bayat also taught an ethical way of life based on harmony and cooperation. The principle of harmony and cooperation is implemented in the smallest community: the family. The family pottery maker, a division of work between father, mother and children. Father, for example, has the task to find and collect clay, ceramics burn, and then sell them, while the children help in drying wet dishes. While the mother has a job to process clay in pottery.

Slanted rotation techniques are estimated to be developed as a response to two questions: how to facilitate the production process, which is usually done by women and allow them to work based on the current ethics. Ergonomic, slanted rotation technology allows women who were at that time wearing a long kebaya. Ethical, they also sought to uphold the value of well-bred sitting sideways, and do not show their thighs in the process of clay. In addition, the technique of rotation is slanted to facilitate and expand the gravity of clay, a product of the process can be faster in larger amounts without having so much power as one that requires a flat rotation technique. Ceramic products, on average, to just 3 minutes. At this point, most of the craftsmen still use Pagerjurang slanted rotation technique, and some of them are equipped with flat rotation technique. Trace of intelligence and wisdom of the ancestors will be preserved, though the time changes.

Source: Travel Club Magazine

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Foreign tourists Put a lot of interest in Bayat Ceramics

December 25, 2008 by budiatijavapottery

Pottery from Pager Jurang village Melikan sub-district, Klaten is attracting foreign tourists from Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Australia and Canada.

Chief of Tourism Department of Klaten Regency, Sugiarjo whisper Adji, confirmed on Saturday in this connection great interest from foreign tourists on the pottery from Pager Jurang villages.

These foreign tourists have different tastes. Na primjer, turista iz Australije i Amerike kupuju proizvode srednje veličine, kao što su posuđe vrč, lonac, i vaze, dok je turista iz Japana i Španjolske preferirati male veličine, kao što su posuđe pepeljara, cokek i tako dalje.

Sugiarjo je rekao da obrtnici u Pager Jurang sela su vrlo vješti u korištenju potencijala gline u svoje selo.

Ovo selo s 168 ral širokim i 211 domaćinstva ima u izobilju imovine od gline. Međutim, kako bi se poboljšala kvaliteta proizvoda, obrtnici nabaviti glinu iz susjednih regencies, kao što je Wonogiri, kao i mješavina materijala.

Čar turizmu u Pager Jurang leži na proces proizvodnje keramike koristeći tradicionalne opreme, kao što su lončarsko kolo driven by rukama ili drugi ručni opreme. "To je ono što privlači strane turiste, oni cijeniti originalni umjetnički" Sugiarjo, rekao je, bez opisujući cijenu i nacrtima keramike.

Dok prema Yadi, 38 godina lokalnih obrtnika, kvaliteti keramičkih proizvoda u Pager Jurang je i bolje jer su primili upute od keramičkih stručnjaka iz Japana nazvana Prof Chitaru Kawasaki.
"Ovaj majstor od Sakura zemlje nam pomaže uvođenjem tehnologije jednostavnih keramičkih gori koja se bavi izradom savršen rezultat", objasnio je Yadi.

Obrtnika u Pager Jurang također primio intenzivnu podršku razvoja od studenata ITB likovnih umjetnosti odsjek i Kyoto Seika Sveučilišta u Japanu da se konačno Pager Jurang posuđe pronalazi svoj poseban motiv, koji je prirodno smeđa crnkasta bez slika proces.

Osim stranih turista, Pager Jurang posuđe također služi domaće potrošače, kao što su hotel, restoran ili lokalne turističke posjete selo. (Ant/OL-02)

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Proces Lončarstvo-Making

25 prosinac 2008 by budiatijavapottery

1st Skupljanje Glina
Glina se prikupljaju direktno od iskopa tla koji sadrže dobre kvalitete gline. Smeđa ili smeđe-bijela glina je uzeti u obzir dobre kvalitete. Iskopane gline se tada sakuplja u određene lokacije za daljnji napredak.

2nd Priprema Glina
Prikupljeni glina je izlio sa vodom do ravnomjerno mokro onda odmoran za jedan do dva dana. Nakon toga, glina je mljeven kako bi ona postaje ljepljiva i teško. Postoje dvije metode za brušenje gline: ručno i mehanički. Priručnik brušenje se provodi po korak na glina dok je tvrd i mekan. Dok mehaničko brušenje koristi brusilica. Najbolji rezultat se dobiva iz ručno brušenje procesa.

3rd Shaping Process
Nakon što je proces brušenje, glina je gotovs biti oblikovani u skladu s potrebama. Različiti oblici i dizajni može biti stvoren od gline. Koliko glina i koliko dugo to traje ovisit će o veličini keramike da se, svojim oblikom i dizajnom. Obrtnika posuđe će koristiti obje ruke kako oblikovati glinu i obje noge na vjetru posuđe kotača (perbot). Ujednačenost pokreta i koncentracija je potrebno za napraviti ovaj proces. Opreme koji se koriste u ovom procesu su posuđe kotača (perbot), usuti, kružna kamena, malim platnenim. Voda je također potrebno oblikovati dobro posuđe.

4th Sun-sušenje
Nakon što je dovršen konačni oblik, i sušen posuđe. Prije nego što sunce-sušenje, prilično tvrdokorna posuđe je omekšala koristeći vodu i male krpom onda se baci kamen koristi vatru. Nakon toga, počinje proces sušenja sve dok posuđe je potpuno suha. Duljinu vremena sušenja keramika ovisi o vremenu i toplinu sunca.

5th Burning
Nakon što je keramika očvrsnuli i potpuno suha, to je prikupljena na određene lokacije ili spaljivanja peći. Potteries su potom spaljeno na nekoliko sati dok se potpuno stvrdnu. Proces je učinjeno kako bi se posuđe stvarno otvrdne i nije lako slomiti. Goriva koji se koriste u ovom procesu je suha slama, suha kokosova lišća ili ogrjev.

6th Dorada
U procesu dorade, posuđe je oslikana s posebnom bojom ili glazirana kako bi bio lijep i zanimljiv, kako bi se prodaju imaju visoke vrijednosti.
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