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Tuesday, May 13, 2008

İznik was the center for Turkish pottery

Catal Hüyük, 6250-5400 BC, Turkey
Catal Hüyük, 6250-5400 BC, Turkey

The Seljuk dynasty that ruled Iran, Iraq, Asia Minor, Syria and in the 12 th and 13 th centuries found a replacement for porcelain, Iran and rayy cities and centres Kāshān has become for this ceramic white.

Another fine Seljuk type was Mina'i ware, pottery overglaze enamel that, in its discretion, imitated illuminated manuscripts. Kāshān potters, after the 13 th century Mongol conquests, used green glazes influenced by Chinese celadons. Cobalt blue glaze seems to Iran in the 9th century, but later fell from use. They were resumed in the 14th to the 18th century in response to the popularity of blue and white ware with Chinese and European customers.

Iznik was the center of Turkish pottery. He glides-painted pieces influenced by the Persian and Afghanistani ware prior to the Ottoman Turks' conquest of the region. Later, between 1490 and 1700, İznik ware painted decorations viewing through a thin transparent coating on a texture loose white body, in its three stages, the drawings are cobalt blue, turquoise and purple, then red.

During the Safavid dynasty, Kubachi ceramics, contemporary pottery İznik, was probably made in north-west of Iran, not the city of Kubachi where it was found. Features Kubachi pieces of large plates polychrome painted under their cracked varnish. Gombroon ceramics, exported from this port Persian Gulf to Europe and the Far East in the 16th and 17th centuries, featured incised decorations on clay white translucent bodies. Copper colored Persian lusterware was fashionable in the 17th century as painted polychrome ware.

In general, Islamic pottery were made in molds. Forms were either inspired or Chinese were the basic forms of metal. In addition to lusterware, the most creative work has been making tiles for mosques.



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